What is a Stun Gun?
A Stun Gun is a handheld, non-lethal, contact weapon for self-defense. It has two electrodes that produce a charge and shock an assailant, resulting in localized pain, muscle confusion and loss of motor control and balance—giving you time to escape.
What Does It Do?
Electrical impulses sent from the brain make the body function—moving arms, legs, fingers, toes; walking and running, touching and grabbing, bladder control, etc. A Stun Gun disrupts the electrical signals from the brain to the body, causing an attacker to briefly lose control of their actions. Contact results in temporary pain, localized paralysis and muscle spasms. The energy required to overcome the disruption depletes blood sugar levels and slows an assailant down, providing you with additional time to escape.
How Does It Work?
When an armed Stun Gun is activated, current moves between the two electrodes and ionizes the air, causing the distinctive loud ZAP noise and bright spark. Oftentimes this is enough of a deterrent to end a potential conflict before contact is required. When used as a contact weapon, up to 1 second of contact can cause some pain and muscle spasms, 1-2 seconds result in pain and muscle confusion, and 3-5 or more seconds of contact can cause loss of balance and muscle control, confusion and incapacitation. Current cannot pass from the person being stunned back to you. The effect is localized only to the contact point.
Stun Guns are typically measured by voltage. Remember that as voltage increases—causing the louder and brighter ZAP (spark)—amperage decreases. Amperage drives the current and is responsible for the amount of damage inflicted beyond the surface contact. A Stun Gun with 8 million volts has significantly lower amperage than one with 1 million volts, and may be less effective despite appearing to be more dangerous. For personal protection, a Stun Gun with a voltage between 1 and 4 million is typically best.